What is Periodisation?
Periodisation is the division of longer training cycles, called macrocycles, into smaller and more manageable intervals, known as mesocycles. The goal is managing and coordinating all aspects of your training to reach peak performance at a certain point in time, such as a race or competition, or alternatively to manage performance and improvement effectively over longer training periods like football season.
Periodisation is one of the methods we use in the design of our training programs like STRONGCorps where planned manipulation of training variables, like load, sets, and repetitions, enable us to maximise training adaptations of our athletes and prevent the onset of overtraining syndrome (OTS).
Why is PERIODISATION important?
The goal of periodisation is to maximise your performance and improvement whilst reducing your risk of injury and the staleness of your training over the long term.
- Each mesocycle can target a specific goal or series of attributes to be developed within a designated period of time.
- Periods of appropriate overload and recovery are designated within each mesocycle. This is done to ensure the neuromuscular system adapts maximally.
- Alterations to training load or stress, volume, and intensity can be made, where necessary, within each mesocycle.
In summary, if programmed and utilised appropriately, periodisation can result in achieving peak performance multiple times over a series of activities such as competitive trail running or ultramarathons or optimise performance over an entire competitive season in sports such as soccer or netball.